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Glossary

A glossary of terms related to BPD
  1. Bipolar Disorder Glossary

Psychometric Properties
Learn what psychometric properties are and how they relate to psychological testing.

What Is Serotonin?
What is serotonin? Serotonin is a naturally occurring chemical in the brain that is responsible, in part, for regulating brain functions such as mood, appetite, sleep, and memory.

Controlled Clinical Trial - Definition of Controlled Clinical Trial
What is a controlled clinical trial?

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome - A Definition of Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome is a very rare but potentially fatal side effect of antipsychotic (neuroleptic) medications.

Akathisia - A Definition of Akathisia
Akathisia is a side effect of antipsychotic and antidepressant medications. People experiencing akathisia have an intense and very disturbing sense of restlessness, agitation, or anxiety.

Tardive Dyskinesia - A Definition of Tardive Dyskinesia
What is tardive dyskinesia? This is a serious and sometimes permanent side effect of antipsychotic medications that involves uncontrollable body movements.

What Is the Food and Drug Administration? (FDA)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a United States federal government agency that is responsible for ensuring the safety of medications, medical devices, food, and cosmetics. Medications for physical and psychiatric conditions must be evaluated by the FDA and determined to be safe and effective before they can be made available to the public in the U.S. The FDA is part of the Department of Health and Human Services.

Catharsis - A Definition of Catharsis
What is catharsis? Catharsis comes from the Greek word for “cleansing.” In psychotherapy, the term refers to an emotional release that is experienced after feeling and expressing one's emotions about an event. This term was first popularized by Freudian therapists (or psychoanalysts), but is now used widely in the field.

Psychiatric Disorder - A Definition of Psychiatric Disorder
What is a psychiatric disorder? A psychiatric disorder is any pattern of psychological or behavioral symptoms that causes an individual significant distress, impairs their ability to function in life, and/or significantly increases their risk of death, pain, disability, or loss of freedom.

Distal Risk Factor
A distal risk factor is a risk factor that represents an underlying vulnerability for a particular condition or event. A distal risk factor does not predict that the condition or event is imminent (e.g., about to happen soon), but rather that a person may be at risk for the condition at some time in the future.

Proximal Risk Factor - A Definition of Proximal Risk Factor
A proximal risk factor is a risk factor that represents an immediate vulnerability for a particular condition or event. Sometimes proximal risk factors precipitate an event.

That is the Therapeutic Alliance?
The therapeutic alliance refers to the relationship between a mental health therapist (e.g., a psychiatrist, psychologist, mental health counselor, social worker) and a client. There is evidence that a strong therapeutic alliance predicts better outcomes in therapy. A strong therapeutic alliance is evident when the client feels comfortable with the therapist, has a sense of common goals or purpose with the therapist, and feels a sense of safety and trust in the therapy process

Stigma - A Definition of Stigma
What is stigma? How does stigma impact people with mental health issues? Learn the definition of stigma and how it applies to mental health.

What Is Self Esteem?
What is self esteem? How do you know if you have good self esteem? Learn more about the definition of self esteem and how poor self esteem may affect you.

What Is Reinforcement?
What is reinforcement? Reinforcement is a term that comes from behavioral psychologists; these are psychologists who focus on the factors that cause and maintain behaviors (or actions). Reinforcement is when a behavior is increased or maintained by its consequences. Reinforcement may be either positive or negative.

What is Specific Phobia?
What is specific phobia? This article covers the definition, symptoms, and subtypes of specific phobia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

What is Social Phobia?
What is social phobia? Learn the definition and symptoms of social phobia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

Externalizing - Definition of Externalizing
Often behavioral or psychological problems are described in terms of their degrees of internalizing versus externalizing presentation. The major distinction between these two presentations is related to whether the symptoms or behaviors are focused inward (i.e., toward to the self) or outward (i.e., toward others).

What is Acute Stress Disorder?
What is acute stress disorder? Learn more about the causes and symptoms of acute stress disorder, or ASD.

What is Generalized Anxiety Disorder?
What is generalized anxiety disorder? Learn the definition and symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

Definition of Self-Report
What is a self-report test, and how can this type of test reveal something about psychological symptoms? Learn about the properties of a self-report test.

Internalizing - Definition of Internalizing
Often behavioral or psychological problems are described in terms of their degrees of internalizing versus externalizing presentation. The major distinction between these two presentations is related to whether the symptoms or behaviors are focused inward (i.e., toward to the self) or outward (i.e., toward others).

What are Anxiolytics?
What are anxiolytics? Learn about commonly prescribed anxiolytics and their uses.

What are Benzodiazepines?
What are benzodiazepines? Learn about commonly prescribed benzodiazepines and their indications.

What is Binge Eating?
What is binge eating? Learn how to recognize an episode of binge eating.

What Is Depression?
What is depression? Learn the definition of depression and how depression is distinguished from a major depressive episode in DSM-IV.

What Is a Traumatic Event?
What is a traumatic event? Learn the definition of a traumatic event in the DSM-IV.

What Is Emotional Validation?
What is emotional validation? Learn the definition of emotional validation and the role of emotional validation in borderline personality disorder (BPD).

What is Aggression?
What is aggression? Learn the definition of aggression.

What is Alexithymia?
What is alexithymia? Learn more about the definition of alexithymia.

What is Shame?
What is shame? Learn the definition of shame and how this emotion is different than guilt.

What is Assertiveness?
What is assertiveness? Learn the definition of assertiveness.

Peer Review - A Definition of Peer Review
Ever wonder what peer review is? Learn more about the peer review process.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder
What is narcissistic personality disorder? Learn the definition and symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder.

Dichotomous Thinking
What is dichotomous thinking? Learn the definition of dichotomous thinking.

What Is Empathy? A Definition of Empathy
What is empathy? Learn the definition of empathy.

Boundaries
What are boundaries? Learn about the definition of boundaries and how they can be problematic in borderline personality disorder.

Emotionally Invalidating Environment
What is an emotionally invalidating environment? Learn the definition of emotionally invalidating environment in borderline personality disorder (BPD).

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
What is obsessive compulsive disorder? Learn the definition, signs, and symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder.

Panic Attack
What is a panic attack? Learn the definition of a panic attack.

Emotion Regulation
What is emotion regulation? A definition of emotion regulation.

Psychotic Symptoms
What are psychotic symptoms? Learn the definition of psychotic symptoms.

Hallucinations
What are hallucinations? Learn the definition of hallucinations.

Delusions - Definition of Delusions
What are delusions? Learn the definition of delusions.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
What is posttraumatic stress disorder? Learn the definition of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Comorbidity
What is comorbidity? Learn the definition of comorbidity.

Agranulocytosis
What is agranulocytosis? Learn about the definition of agranulocytosis.

Oppositional Defiant Disorder
What is oppositional defiant disorder? What are the symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder?

Bulimia Nervosa
What is bulimia nervosa? Learn about the definition and symptoms of bulimia nervosa.

Anorexia Nervosa
What is anorexia nervosa? Learn the symptoms of anorexia nervosa.

Schizophrenia
What is schizophrenia? Learn more about the symptoms of schizophrenia.

Central Nervous System
What is the central nervous system? Learn about the central nervous system.

Psychotropic Drugs
What are psychotropic drugs, and how are they used? Learn more about psychotropic drugs.

Off-Label Use
What is an off label use? What does it mean when your doctor prescribes a medication for off label use? Learn more about off label use.

Omega 3 Fatty Acid
What is an Omega 3 fatty acid? Learn about Omega 3 fatty acids.

Conduct Disorder
What is conduct disorder? What are the symptoms of conduct disorder? A definition of conduct disorder.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
A definition of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Mentalization
What is mentalization? Definition and meaning of mentalization.

Dopamine
What is dopamine? A definition of the neurotransmitter dopamine.

Neurotransmitter
What is a neurotransmitter? Learn the definition and meaning of neurotransmitter.

Antisocial Personality Disorder
What is antisocial personality disorder? Learn more about the definition of antisocial personality disorder.

Outpatient Treatment
A definition of outpatient treatment for borderline personality disorder.

Psychoeducation
A definition of psychoeducation in borderline personality disorder.

Abandonment Sensitivity
A definition of abandonment sensitivity.

Psychotherapy
A definition of psychotherapy.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
A definition of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

Devaluation
A definition of devaluation.

Empirically Supported Treatments
The empirically supported treatments movement has been integral in shaping health care practices around the world. Both medicine and behavioral health have been affected by the move toward empirically supported treatments.

Psychoanalysis - Definition of Psychoanalysis
What is psychoanalysis? Psychoanalysis is one of the oldest therapeutic traditions in psychiatry and psychology. Learn more about the origins and meaning of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theory and technique.

Psychodynamic Therapy
A definition of psychodynamic therapy.

Idealization
A definition of idealization.

Bipolar Disorder
A definition of bipolar disorder.

DSM-V - Definition of DSM-V
What is the DSM-V? Major changes to the ways that psychiatric disorders are diagnosed are expected with the publication of DSM-V.

Hypomania
A definition of hypomania or a hypomanic episode

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
A definition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM.

Retrospective Research
Retrospective research is a frequently used research method with some particular drawbacks related to recall bias.

Mania
A definition of mania.

Dissociation
A definition of dissociation

Paranoid Ideation
A definition of paranoid ideation or paranoia

Self-Harm
A definition of self-harm in BPD

Meta-Analysis - A Definition of Meta-Analysis
What is a meta-analysis? Learn the definition of a meta-analysis, including examples of meta-analytic research studies.

Self-Conscious Emotions - A Definition of Self-Conscious Emotions
What are self-conscious emotions? While some emotions are considered "basic emotions" (i.e., they require little or no sense of self or consciousness to experience), the self-conscious emotions are related to our self-concept. Some examples of the self-conscious emotions include....

What is Temperament - Definition of Temperament
What is Temperament - Definition of Temperament

Bereavement - Definition of Bereavement
What is bereavement? Learn how bereavement can affect you psychological functioning, and complications during bereavement may be associated with psychiatric disorders such as borderline personality disorder.

Community Sample - Definition of Community Sample
What is a community sample? In some research designs, the researcher will be interested in sampling individuals from the community in general, rather from some particular subset of individuals with special traits or characteristics. Understanding the source of the research sample is critical, because this may affect the results.

Definition of Correlation
What is a correlation? Learn about correlational research methods and statistical analyses. A correlation refers a statistic that represents the relationship between two variables of interest.

Evidence Based Practice
What is an evidence based practice in healthcare? Why is it important that I receive evidence based practices for my condition? How do I know that my provider is using evidence based practices?

Depression Glossary
A glossary of terms related to depression and mental health, from your About.com guide to depression, Nancy Schimelpfening

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