Borderline Personality: Most Popular Articles
Borderline personality disorder symptoms include instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotion, as well as impulsive behaviors. Learn more about the symptoms of BPD.
BPD relationships are often chaotic, intense, and conflict-laden. This can be especially true for romantic BPD relationships. Many people have been hurt in their romantic relationships with borderline personality partners, but others have found a way to make the relationships work.
Here are some signs that may indicate your friend or loved one has borderline personality disorder (BPD).
What is borderline personality disorder (BPD)? What are the symptoms of BPD? How is BPD treated? Learn more about the basics of borderline personality disorder.
There are four Cluster B personality disorders: antisocial, borderline, narcissistic, and histrionic.
Suppressing emotions does not work, and it may even end up causing you to feel worse in the long run. Learn more about why suppressing emotions can get you in trouble.
What is splitting? Learn more about splitting in borderline personality disorder (BPD).
Are you someone who tends to take action without thinking through the consequences? Do hasty decisions often get you into trouble? Do you often act based on your feelings in the moment rather than on a long-term plan? You may be struggling with impulsive behavior, one of the symptoms of BPD.
Borderline relationships are chaotic; they can feel like a roller coaster of emotion and conflict. Learning to manage these relationships is very difficult, but it is possible for borderline relationships to succeed.
Borderline personality disorder medications have been shown to reduce certain symptoms. Learn more about medications that are commonly used to treat borderline personality disorder.
What is serotonin? Serotonin is a naturally occurring chemical in the brain that is responsible, in part, for regulating brain functions such as mood, appetite, sleep, and memory.
What is dissociation? Is dissociation a disorder? How is dissociation treated? Learn more about dissociation in borderline personality disorder (BPD).
Do you ever find yourself asking, who am I? What do I believe in? What is my place in this world? If you do, you are not alone. Many people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) struggle with identity issues – it is one of the core symptoms of the disorder.
Borderline personality disorder, or BPD, is associated with mood swings-- intense emotional ups and downs that can happen at the drop of a hat. Here's how to tell whether mood swings may be related to BPD.
Need to understand the basics of borderline personality disorder diagnosis? Learn more about the diagnosis of BPD, the criteria used to determine a diagnosis, and the assessment process.
What is the sympathetic nervous system, and how does it interact with the parasympathetic nervous system to produce the arousal response? Learn the definition and function of the sympathetic nervous system.
People with borderline personality disorder (BPD) often experience problems with sex. Dissatisfaction with sex, impulsive sexual behavior, promiscuity, and avoidance of sex are not uncommon in BPD.
Borderline personality disorder treatment options include medications, psychotherapy, and intensive treatment programs. Learn more about the various treatments for BPD.
What is reuptake, and how is it related to the communication of signals in the brain and treatment of mental disorders such as borderline personality disorder? Learn more about the process of reuptake and how medications may affect reuptake to produce a reduction in symptoms.
Many different kinds of close relationships are affected by borderline personality disorder (BPD), but perhaps none more than the borderline personality marriage. Marriages in which either one or both partner has BPD can be very tumultuous and conflict-laden. But these marriages can also be successful with work.
What is self mutilation and why does it occur? Learn more about self mutilation, why it happens, and how self mutilation is treated.
What is dichotomous thinking? Learn the definition of dichotomous thinking.
Living with borderline personality disorder is not easy. The symptoms of BPD can affect every part of your life, making relationships, work, and health very difficult to maintain. However, despite the suffering that BPD can cause, many people learn ways to cope the symptoms and lead normal, fulfilling lives.
Are bipolar and borderline personality disorder (BPD) related? Learn more about the similarities and differences between bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy is a psychotherapy that effectively reduces many symptoms of BPD. Learn what to expect in DBT, and how to find a provider.
Learn what psychometric properties are and how they relate to psychological testing.
Anger is a key feature of borderline personality disorder. Learn more about borderline anger and how the disorder is treated.
While borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious condition that requires treatment by qualified mental health professionals, there are also sources of self-help for people with BPD. Learn more about these self-help strategies that can be used in conjunction with more formal treatment.
Mood lability refers to. Borderline Personality.
Want to change the way you respond to intense emotions? For some ideas, use this list of healthy coping skills to get started.
Read a description of a borderline personality case. A case example of borderline personality disorder.
Suicidality is an unfortunately common occurrence in borderline personality disorder. Learn more about the link between suicide and BPD, and what you can do to keep yourself or your loved one safe.
Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by an inflated sense of self importance and other symptoms related to identity and relationships with others. People with narcissistic personalities frequently have other co-occurring psychiatric disorders, including borderline personality disorder.
Get the facts about borderline personality adolescents. How is borderline personality in children? What are the symptoms? How can you find help for a borderline personality adolescent?
People with borderline personality disorder experience more than just your everyday emotional ups and downs. Learn more about emotional instability in borderline personality disorder.
What effects do symptoms of borderline personality disorder have on the family? Learn more about life in the BPD family.
If you have a friend with borderline personality disorder, you may feel confused about how you can help them. Learn more about how you can be a good friend to someone with borderline personality while also maintaining your own health.
The therapeutic alliance refers to the relationship between a mental health therapist (e.g., a psychiatrist, psychologist, mental health counselor, social worker) and a client. There is evidence that a strong therapeutic alliance predicts better outcomes in therapy. A strong therapeutic alliance is evident when the client feels comfortable with the therapist, has a sense of common goals or purpose with the therapist, and feels a sense of safety and trust in the therapy process
Many people with borderline personality experience paranoid ideation (i.e., beliefs that others aim to harm them, despite evidence to the contrary) under conditions of stress. Paranoia in BP is different than in psychotic disorders, however.
Skills from social support to relaxation exercises to mindful meditation help you manage the symptoms of BPD
What is assertiveness? Learn the definition of assertiveness.
Should you divorce your BPD spouse? There is no easy answer, but here are some things to consider.
Learn more about borderline personality disorder causes. While the exact causes of borderline personality disorder are not yet known, research has determined some of the environmental, biological, and genetic factors that are strongly linked to the development of BPD.
Is it true that borderline personality is associated with lying? If a person with borderline personality disorder (BPD) lies, is that just a symptom of the disorder? Learn more about the link between BPD and lying.
What is reinforcement? Reinforcement is a term that comes from behavioral psychologists; these are psychologists who focus on the factors that cause and maintain behaviors (or actions). Reinforcement is when a behavior is increased or maintained by its consequences. Reinforcement may be either positive or negative.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a common but often misunderstood mental illness. There are several myths about BPD that increase the stigma and keep those who are affected by the illness the from getting the support and treatment needed. Find out the real story behind this illness.
What is the parasympathetic nervous system, and how does it interact with the sympathetic nervous system to mitigate the arousal response? Learn the definition and function of the parasympathetic nervous system.
Is borderline personality disorder (BPD) caused by genetics or environment? Learn more about the most recent research on genetics and BPD.
What is aggression? Learn the definition of aggression.
Practicing accepting emotions can lead to better emotional health. Learn more about the benefits of accepting emotions.
What are the borderline personality disorder statistics that you need to know? How many people in the population have BPD? How many men versus women are diagnosed with BPD? What are the suicide rates for people with BPD? Learn these and more.
Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive displays of emotion, attention seeking, and need for approval. People with histrionic personality disorder frequently have other co-occurring psychiatric conditions, including borderline personality disorder.
What are borderline personality symptoms in teens? Are borderline personality symptoms different in teens and adults?
What is dopamine? A definition of the neurotransmitter dopamine.
People with BPD often have an intense fear of abandonment. Unfortunately, many of the symptoms often create a self-fulfilling prophecy, causing people with BPD to actually be abandoned by others.
If you experience a lot of emotional ups and downs, you may be able to make some simple changes to your lifestyle that will help you get off the roller coaster. Learn skills to reduce your emotional instability and improve your psychological health.
What is emotion regulation? A definition of emotion regulation as it relates to BPD, or borderline personality disorder.
Most people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have particular triggers (i.e., events or situations that exacerbate their symptoms or lead to psychiatric crises). Learn more about BPD triggers and how they can be managed.
Mindfulness meditation can help people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) reduce emotion dysregulation. Learn more about how to practice mindfulness meditation to reduce the symptoms of BPD.
We know that people with borderline personality have very serious problems in relationships. But, is someone with borderline personality more likely to cheat?
: Why is it Called Borderline Personality Disorder? Where did the term "borderline" come from, and what
Looking for a borderline personality test? Is there a test for borderline personality disorder (BPD)? Learn more about the diagnosis of BPD and borderline personality tests.
What is a psychiatric disorder? A psychiatric disorder is any pattern of psychological or behavioral symptoms that causes an individual significant distress, impairs their ability to function in life, and/or significantly increases their risk of death, pain, disability, or loss of freedom.
What is splitting and what should you do when a loved one or friend with borderline personality disorder is splitting? Learn more about splitting and how to manage this behavior
What is a mechanism of action, and how is mechanism of action related to the treatment of medical and mental health conditions? Learn the definition of mechanism of action.
Grounding exercises are helpful for dealing with dissociation, panic, impulsive urges, and intense emotional distress. Learn more about grounding exercises and how they can help you.
What is empathy? Learn the definition of empathy.
BPD often impacts every area of a person's life, including their career. BPD and career success are possible, but here are some things to consider if you have BPD and career questions.
Learn more about the prevalence of alcoholism in borderline personality disorder (BPD), the reasons that alcoholism and BPD occur together so often, and how to get help for yourself or a loved one with alcoholism and BPD.
Emotion regulation skills training can help you to reduce emotional ups and downs and improve your overall psychological health. Learn more about how emotion regulation skills training can help you, and get tips of skills training exercises to try.
Learn how to find a therapist, including factors you should consider in your search, where to look to find a therapist in your area, and how to interview therapists.
Chronic emotional invalidation, particularly in childhood, has been cited as one potential cause of borderline personality disorder (BPD). What is emotional invalidation, and how can an emotionally invalidating environment affect the developing child?
Borderline personalities struggle with four main areas of functioning: emotions, relationships, behavior, and thinking. Many experts have speculated that there are different types of borderline personalities, and these types may present very differently.
What is bereavement? Learn how bereavement can affect you psychological functioning, and complications during bereavement may be associated with psychiatric disorders such as borderline personality disorder.
This is one exercise that is designed to help you identify what is meaningful to you. Of course, finding meaning is not an easy process, and no one exercise will get you there; finding meaning takes work and is best accomplished with the help of a good therapist. In fact, this may be an exercise that you want to work on with your therapist.
Self-esteem refers to how you feel about yourself. Those with borderline personality disorder (BPD) often struggle with poor self-esteem. What does this elusive term mean? Why is self-esteem important? How can you improve your self-esteem?
It is not always easy to validate the emotions of a spouse, partner, family member, or friend without feeling that you are resigning yourself to agree with their opinion. Here is how to validate emotions without necessarily agreeing with how your loved one sees things.
Eating disorders and borderline personality disorder frequently occur together. Learn more about the relationship between eating disorders and borderline personality.
Mindful walking is one way to promote mindfulness skills without having to make time for formal practice. Try this simple exercise to promote mindful walking.
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Borderline and avoidant personality disorder co-occur so frequently that in some samples over 40% of individuals with BPD also have APD.
Learn how to identify triggers that lead to intense emotions and psychological symptoms. What are your triggers, and how can you plan for them?
A safety plan is critical if you are have experienced a mental health emergency in the past (e.g., a suicide attempt), or are at risk of one in the future. Learn how to develop a comprehensive safety plan to reduce your risk.
There are a number of very widely circulated myths about borderline personality disorder. Read more about borderline personality myths — what is true and what is myth?
What is an emotionally invalidating environment? Learn the definition of emotionally invalidating environment in borderline personality disorder (BPD).
Many people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) also experience problems with depression — in fact, it is very uncommon that someone with BPD does not also meet criteria for a mood disorder. But what is unique about depression in BPD, and how might having both conditions affect your treatment options?
The McLean Screening Instrument for Borderline Personality Disorder is designed to screen for borderline personality.
Behavioral and psychological problems are often described in terms of their degrees of internalizing versus externalizing presentation. Learn more about internalizing here.
Distress tolerance skills training is a core feature of Dialectical Behavior Therapy for borderline personality disorder (BPD). The distress tolerance skills are meant to reduce impulsive behavior, which can often result from an inability to tolerate strong emotions.
Here are the ten personality disorders listed in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR).
Confused about the difference between cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for borderline personality disorder?
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that targets the “cognitive” (thinking-related) and “behavioral” (action-related) aspects of a psychological condition. The goal of CBT is to help you to reduce your symptoms by changing the way you think about or interpret situations, as well as the actions that you take in your daily life.
What is a self-report test, and how can this type of test reveal something about psychological symptoms? Learn about the properties of a self-report test.
What is emotional validation? Learn the definition of emotional validation and the role of emotional validation in borderline personality disorder (BPD).
There is a strong relationships between BPD and shame -- so much so that some experts consider BPD to be a disorder of chronic shame. Individuals with BPD often experience themselves as unacceptable, worthless, or even evil. This intense self-contempt may play a role in the high rates of self-harm and suicidal behaviors in people with BPD.
A definition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM.
The DSM-IV-TR, the official guidebook for the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders, allows clinicians to diagnose individuals on five different areas, or
Personality Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, or PD-NOS, is a diagnosis that people receive when they have some kind of personality disorder but the symptoms do not fit neatly into the existing categorical types of personality disorders.
What is a controlled clinical trial?
A definition of abandonment sensitivity.
Mental health experts have long known that one of the keys to good psychological health is having more structure in your daily life. But what exactly is structure, and how can you create more of it? Here are some simple steps to create more structure.
We communicate constantly, and tend to assume that what we are communicating is what we mean to communicate. However, often this is not the case. Learn some skills to avoid the misunderstandings, and learn how to hear what is being said and heard.
What is comorbidity? Learn the definition of comorbidity.
What should you expect from the borderline personality disorder assessment process? Learn about each step of the process, from finding a provider to getting a diagnosis.
Transference focused therapy for borderline personality disorder (BPD) is another form of psychotherapy that has recently been shown to be effective in reducing symptoms of BPD. Learn more about this treatment approach.
Behavioral and psychological problems are often described in terms of their degrees of internalizing versus externalizing presentation. Learn more about externalizing here.
What is a meta-analysis? Learn the definition of a meta-analysis, including examples of meta-analytic research studies.
It is not uncommon for someone with clear mental health problems to refuse treatment. When your loved one is refusing treatment that could save their life, you may feel desperate and helpless. What can you do if a loved one is refusing treatment?
Good self-care is critical to physical and mental health. Learn more about developing good self care, including diet, sleep, medication, and exercise habits.
Support, empathy, truth (SET) is a communication tool specifically designed for those with borderline personality disorder (BPD).
Does child abuse cause borderline personality disorder? Research has shown a link between child maltreatment and BPD, but the causes of BPD are not fully understood.
What is a personality disorder? How is a personality disorder diagnosed? Learn more about the criteria for personality disorders.
Dissociative identity disorder is a rare and controversial psychiatric disorder. Learn the facts about dissociative identity disorder.
While psychotherapy is considered the central aspect of treatment for personality disorder (BPD), many people are prescribed antidepressants for BPD. No medication is FDA approved to treat BPD, but many antidepressants have proven to be effective in reducing some of the symptoms of BPD.
Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), sometimes referred to as disorder of extreme stress not otherwise specified (DESNOS), is thought to result from chronic interpersonal trauma in childhood.
What is narcissistic personality disorder? Learn the definition and symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder.
Many people with borderline personality experience symptoms related to the process and content of their thinking, or cognition. These symptoms can include paranoid ideation, dissociation, and dichotomous thinking.
: What are self-conscious emotions? While some emotions are considered "basic emotions" (i.e., they require
Practicing emotional acceptance can lead to greater emotional health and less emotional ups and downs. Learn more about how to practice emotional acceptance.
Coping with shame can be very difficult; intense, chronic, and pervasive shame can destroy relationships, lead to high risk behaviors such as deliberate self-harm, and may make life seem painful and overwhelming. But, there is evidence that this practice can help you cope with shameful feelings.
What is the peripheral nervous system? Learn about the structure and function of the two divisions of the peripheral nervous system.
If you are struggling with intense emotions, impulsive behavior, self harm, or suicidality, you need to find ways to cope when your emotions start to take over. Building a coping skills toolbox is a great way to keep yourself from doing something destructive in the heat of the moment.
Ever wonder what peer review is? Learn more about the peer review process.
What is shame? Learn the definition of shame and how this emotion is different than guilt.
The current diagnostic system for psychiatric disorders, the DSM-IV-TR, uses a multi-axial system of diagnosis. But what is multi-axial diagnosis, and how can you interpret the multi-axial system? Learn more about multi-axial diagnosis in the DSM-IV-TR.
A distal risk factor is a risk factor that represents an underlying vulnerability for a particular condition or event. A distal risk factor does not predict that the condition or event is imminent (e.g., about to happen soon), but rather that a person may be at risk for the condition at some time in the future.
What is a synapse, and how is a synapse involved in communication of messages in the brain? Learn about how a synapse is part of the transmission of signals in the brain, and how it relates to the treatment of borderline personality disorder.
A definition of paranoid ideation or paranoia.
A definition of idealization. Borderline Personality.
A proximal risk factor is a risk factor that represents an immediate vulnerability for a particular condition or event. Sometimes proximal risk factors precipitate an event.
Studies show that BPD symptoms tend to diminish with age. Unfortunately we don’t know exactly why borderline personality disorder symptoms tend to reduce over time. However, experts have speculated that there could be a few reasons why people with borderline personality disorder tend to get better with age.
When discussing the causes of borderline personality disorder (BPD) the term invalidating environment is often mentioned. It is important to know what this terms means.
Learn how to manage anger in healthier, more constructive ways. If you experience intense anger and tend to do things that are unhealthy or destructive when you are angry, this article will help you start to improve your anger management strategies.
The ability to identify emotions (to know what you are feeling, and why you are having that feeling) is a key aspect of good emotion regulation. Learn why some people struggle to identify emotions and how to practice identifying emotions.
Learn more about diagnosing borderline adolescents, including the DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder in adolescents and common misdiagnoses.
The empirically supported treatments movement has been integral in shaping health care practices around the world. Both medicine and behavioral health have been affected by the move toward empirically supported treatments.
If you have been diagnosed with borderline personality disorder, you may wonder what impact the condition will have on your children. Are they at risk to develop BPD too? Learn more about the impact of BPD on your children and steps you can take to reduce the likelihood that they will also have BPD.
Is there a cure for borderline personality disorder (BPD)? Does BPD respond to treatment? Find out about the latest research on treatment and BPD.
A definition of dissociation. Borderline Personality.
It has become increasingly common for psychiatrists to prescribe mood stabilizers for borderline personality disorder, and there is some evidence that these medications can be effective in reducing some of the emotion dysregulation and impulsivity symptoms of the disorder in particular.
Money management is hard for many people, and those with borderline personality disorder (BPD) often face additional financial challenges. Learning how to budget can help.
Schema focused therapy for borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been shown to be effective in reducing symptoms of BPD. Learn more about this treatment approach and the latest research support.
Although we now know that BPD does not share features with psychosis, research has shown that antipsychotic medication for borderline personality disorder can be effective.
A definition of devaluation. Borderline Personality.
Dependent personality disorder frequently co-occurs with borderline personality disorder. How are these two disorders similar, and why do they overlap so frequently? One answer may be in their shared symptoms related to relationship functioning.
If your partner or spouse has borderline personality disorder, will couples counseling for borderline personality help? Learn more about the effectiveness of couples counseling in borderline personality couples.
I have been diagnosed with BPD. Does this mean I will have it for the rest of my life? What is the prognosis for borderline personality?
What is temperament? Temperament is defined as the features of your personality that are present at birth and have a genetic/biological basis. Your temperament, or basic disposition, interacts with environmental influences to create your personality.
A definition of hypomania or a hypomanic episode
This glossary entry gives a detailed definition of the term disinhibition in the context of bipolar disorder. It indicates a state of reduced control.